Critical Porn Analysis moves beyond ‘porn literacy’ to critique the impacts of pornography on individuals, relationships, families, communities & nations
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Critical Porn Analysis
Critical Porn Analysis is an educational response to the researched harms of pornography as a public health crisis. Critical Porn Analysis moves beyond the micro focus of how the individual interacts with pornographic content, to consider a more holistic approach on how porn’s proliferation and ease of access impacts the health & wellbeing of individuals, relationships, families, communities and cultures.
Critical Porn Analysis requires a critique through 5 interconnected lenses: global industry; sex, gender, power & relationships; sexual exploitation; child sexual exploitation; and mental health & addiction. Critical Porn Analysis provides educators, decision makers, and community a greater understanding of the scope of impacts, and frames the discussion to respond to pornography as the public health crisis of the digital age. Critical Porn Analysis is authored by Liz Walker and builds upon the work of Natalie Collins, a UK-based Gender Justice Specialist. This inquiry begins a difficult, but necessary conversation. Questions are by no means exhaustive.
Pornography is a social problem and cannot be addressed by placing the burden on parents and educators alone. It requires a multisectoral, collaborative, coordinated, integrative response. It calls upon government & community leaders; mental health, medical & legal professions; educators; parents; child, youth, women, men & family advocates; activists & survivors; and digital technology experts to engage in preventative and proactive responses. Public health focuses on safeguarding and improving the physical, mental, and social wellbeing of the community as a whole.
- How has the porn industry normalized consumption of its product?
- How has the industry shaped sexual attitudes and behaviors?
- How does the industry commodify human sexuality and desires?
- Why does the industry fight any attempt to implement health, safety, and employee care guidelines?
- Why does the industry produce increasingly abusive and exploitative content?
- What support is there for performers exploited by the industry, who go on to live with post-traumatic stress disorder, permanent injury or disease?
- How does the industry use PR and media to promote their wares and manage the image of its product?
SEX, GENDER, POWER & RELATIONSHIPS
- How does porn shape people’s fantasies, sense of gender and sexual identity, relationship expectations, behaviours, and treatment of others?
- How does pornography impact women’s and men’s sexuality? (e.g. body image issues, performance anxiety, feelings of inadequacies etc.)
- How does porn create or reinforce toxic masculinity?
- Does porn link to increasing levels of sexual violence in relationships?
- What is the difference between porn and sexual intimacy?
- How does porn normalize gender power imbalances and violence?
- What messages do same sex attracted & gender diverse people receive from porn?
- Why does hidden porn use trigger insecurity, trauma, rejection and broken trust for partners? How does porn impact commitment and relationship satisfaction?
- What social and cultural impacts are there to normalising sexual exploitation?
- How does porn promote messages which normalise and groom viewers into being subjected to exploitation?
- How does porn promote oppression of women, racism, and same-sex attracted and gender diverse people?
- How does consumption fuel trafficking of women and children?
- How does porn increase the harms for women in the sex trade? How does porn normalise illegal behaviours?
- How does porn normalise the perpetuation of sexual exploitation and bystander behaviour?
- How does porn normalise rape, sexual harassment, hate slurs and ‘revenge porn’?
CHILD SEXUAL EXPLOITATION
- Given the research on the impact of early exposure to porn, could children and young people’s exposure to pornography be considered sexual abuse in and of itself?
- The impact of exposure (whether via adults, children or themselves) can induce trauma and premature sexualization that is a form of child sexual abuse.
- Previous generations would have only been exposed to such graphic and violent sexual content through sexual abuse.
- Relating to pornography harms, why are the laws that are in place to protect children from sexual and wider harms, not enacted?
- How is pornography grooming children to be at risk for both online and offline exploitation?
- How is pornography being used as a ‘how to’ manual for engaging in sexually abusive behaviours towards other children?
- How does toxic porn culture normalise exploitation (e.g. sexting) amongst young people?
- What messages does porn provide to youth who are exploring their sense of self and sexuality?
MENTAL HEALTH & ADDICTION
- What is the impact of pornography on the brain and arousal physiology when viewing ‘scenes’ and sex acts that are not part of most sexual relationships?
- What is the addictive potential of internet porn?
- Given child and adolescent brains are still in development and therefore, most vulnerable to addiction, what long-term impacts does ease-of-access to porn present?
- What mental health conditions and arousal disorders are linked to porn use?
- How does porn impact body image, performance anxieties and depression?
- What improvements to wellbeing occur after porn use stops?
Ways porn harms children & young people
Porn is controversial because it’s divisive. There’s ‘Pro-Porn’ and ‘Anti-Porn’ sides. It’s as oppositional, if not more, as any other ‘pro’ or ‘anti’ discussion. – Liz Walker
Pornography is accessible, affordable, anonymous and addictive. A growing number of neuroscience studies show how an overactive reward system can result in addiction.
“Porn is now the most prominent form of sexuality education for many young people; it is shaping young people’s sexual understandings and expectations in ways unprecedented.” – Maree Crabbe
Research suggests that adolescents who use Internet porn have lower degrees of social integration, increases in conduct problems, higher levels of delinquent behaviour, higher incidence of depressive symptoms, and decreased emotional bonding with caregivers.
As the porn industry continues to grow, clinicians report that an increasing number of individuals are seeking out help to deal with sexual and relational difficulties associated with pornography use.
Pornography is linked to increases in negative attitude to women, decreases in empathy for victims of sexual violence, and increases in dominating and sexually-imposing behaviour.
“The increasing sexualisation of children and their exposure to inappropriate sexual content is of significant concern and is closely linked to the occurrence of Problem Sexualised Behaviours.” – Sexual Assault Support Service
A study on the consequences of exposure to Internet pornography for early adolescent boys’ academic performance indicates that increased use of Internet pornography decreased boys’ academic performance six months later.
Numerous studies reveal links between porn use and sexual dysfunctions, including porn-induced erectile dysfunction, low desire, and sexual & relationship dissatisfaction. Negative effects are often reversed by stopping Internet porn use.